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2nd International Conference on Medical and Clinical Microbiology, will be organized around the theme “”
Clinical Microbiology 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Clinical Microbiology 2018
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A biofilm is a combination of microbial communities enclosed by a matrix of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) and divided by a network of open water channels. These microbial communities stick to surfaces, manmade and natural such as metals and teeth, typically at any liquid-solid interface. A Biofilm extracellular compound substance, that's additionally same as slime (although not everything described as slime is also a biofilm), is also a polymeric conglomeration sometimes composed of polymer, proteins, and polysaccharides.
- Track 1-1Extracellular Polymeric Substances
- Track 1-2Taxonomic diversity
- Track 1-3Biofilms and infectious diseases
- Track 1-4Biofilms in medicine
- Track 1-5Biofilms in the food industry
The capacity of an organism to resist disease, either through the activities of dedicated blood cells or antibodies produced by them in response to natural exposure or inoculation (active immunity). A vaccine is a product that produces immunity from a disease and can be directed through needle injections, by mouth, or by aerosol. A vaccination is the injection of a killed or weakened organism that produces immunity in the body against that organism. Vaccination is one of the efficient processes in bar of numberless diseases; immunity that’s provided because of vaccination is agile to wipe out the various infections and diseases whereas weakening the results of the many various diseases particularly within the developing countries. There are vaccines that are administered entirely when the patient has contracted an illness. The intent of such immunizations is to cause an immediate reaction with weakened side-effects.
- Track 2-1Immune response
- Track 2-2Vaccines mediate protection
- Track 2-3Main effects of vaccine responses
- Track 2-4Adaptive immunity activation
- Track 2-5Vaccine antibody responses
Microbial Pathogenesis is the study of the molecular mechanisms used by microbes to cause disease in humans and animals. Bacterial, fungal, protozoan and viral pathogens have advanced a wide variety of tools to establish themselves in the host and gain nutrients, which also causes damage and disease. Often, a probable aetiology is known by medicine clarifications before a pathological link may be drawn between the cause. The pathological perspective is also directly combined into associate degree drugs approach within the knowledge based field of molecular pathological medicine. Molecular pathological drugs will simplify to assess pathologic process and relation by linking a possible etiologic issue to molecular pathologic signs of an illness. Thus, the molecular pathological epidemiology paradigm will develop in the realm of connective and causative reasoning.
- Track 3-1Pathogenesis
- Track 3-2Virulence factors
- Track 3-3Host susceptibility or resistance
- Track 3-4Immune mechanisms
- Track 3-5Identification, cloning and sequencing
- Track 3-6Genetic studies
- Track 3-7Viruses, prokaryotic organisms and protozoa
- Track 3-8Microbiota
A nosocomial infection is contracted because of an infection or toxin that exists in a certain place, such as a hospital. People now use nosocomial infections interchangeably with the terms health-care associated infections (HAIs) and hospital-acquired infections. For a HAI, the infection must not be existing before someone has been under medical care, it is unfolded within the hospital setting, home setting, rehabilitation facility, clinical setting, or alternative clinical settings. Bacteria, fungus, and viruses can cause HAIs. Bacteria alone cause about 90 percent of these cases. Many people have compromised immune systems during their hospital stay, so they’re furthermore prone to likely contract an infection. They spread mainly through person-to-person contact. This includes unclean hands, and medical instruments such as catheters, respiratory machines, and other hospital tools. HAI cases also increase when there’s unnecessary and improper use of antibiotics. This can lead to bacteria that are unaffected to multiple antibiotics.
- Track 4-1Nosocomial MRSA Infection
- Track 4-2Retrospective analysis of nosocomial infection
- Track 4-3Nosocomial sepsis
- Track 4-4Nosocomial infection in pediatric
- Track 4-5Nosocomial respiratory syncytial virus infection
- Track 4-6Nosocomial infections and immunity
- Track 4-7Klebsiella pneumonia infection
- Track 4-8Hospital acquired UTI infection
Infection control is the discipline concerned with preventing nosocomial or healthcare-associated with infection, a practical (rather than academic) sub-discipline of epidemiology. It is a vital, though often under recognized and under supported part of the organization of health care. Infection control and hospital epidemiology are like public health practice, practiced within the boundaries of a particular health-care delivery system rather than directed at the entire society. Anti-infective agents include antibiotics, antibacterial, antifungals, antivirals and antiprotozoal. These are promptly accessible to infections. Infection control and Hospital epidemiology are related to the general public health practice. Infection management contains elements relevant to the spreading of infections; either within the hospitals or alternative aid centres, as well as difficulty via hand hygiene, cleansing or disinfection or sanitization, vaccines or surveillance and probe of infections in a health-care domain. Sterilization kills all microorganisms. It is on this basis that the common title being adopted among health care is “prevention and control”.
- Track 5-1Healthcare Epidemiology
- Track 5-2Prevention of Healthcare-Associated Infections
- Track 5-3Hospital Support Services
- Track 5-4Disinfection and Sterilization
- Track 5-5Infection Control Programs
- Track 5-6Bioterrorism
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their growth, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce. The basic lexicon of infectious diseases includes the terms exposure, infection due to infectious agents including viruses, viroid, prions, bacteria, nematodes such as parasitic roundworms and pinworms, arthropods such as ticks, mites, fleas, and lice, fungi such as ringworm, and other macro parasites such as tapeworms and other helminths.
Infectious disease, also known as contagious disease or communicable disease, is illness resulting from an infection. Another issue to extensive use of the lexicon is that microorganism factors unit of measurement usually in command of the pathological process. This states that the host plays in microbial pathologic process to associate exception that leads to the need for qualification and modification of the language of infectious diseases. Recently, we tend to project the "damage-response basis" to include the contributions of each the host and the organism in microorganism pathological process in a synthesis whereby host was used because of the common divisor to explain the end results of the host-microbe relation.
- Track 6-1Parasitic Infections
- Track 6-2Fungal Infections
- Track 6-3Viral Infections
- Track 6-4Bacterial diseases
A disease is an abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or function, that affects part or the organism entirely. The study of disease is called pathology which includes the study of cause of the disease. Disease is often construed as a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs. Detection of a specific agent for an infection or a health problem is done in clinical presentation. Diagnostic biological science laboratory plays a vital role in diagnosing with uninflected of microbiological culture being the primitive approach for isolation of the conducive organism within the laboratory. It may be caused by external factors such as pathogens, or it may be caused by internal dysfunctions particularly of the immune system such as an immunodeficiency, or a hypersensitivity including allergies and autoimmunity.
- Track 7-1Microbial diagnosis
- Track 7-2Serological diagnosis
- Track 7-3Advanced methods
- Track 7-4PCR applications
An antimicrobial can be described as an agent that kills microorganisms or stops their growth. Antimicrobial medicines can be assembled according to the microorganisms they principally act against. Antibiotics are used against bacteria and antifungals are used against fungi. Antimicrobial chemotherapy implements the clinical use of antimicrobial agents in treating infectious disease. The positive conclusion of this antimicrobial medical aid depends on many factors like site of infection, host defence mechanisms and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics activity of the antibacterial drug agent. They can also be categorised according to their function. Agents that kill microbes are called microbicidal, while those that merely inhibit their growth are called biostatic. The use of antimicrobial medicines to treat infection is known as antimicrobial chemotherapy, while the use of antimicrobial medicines to prevent infection is known as antimicrobial prophylaxis. Antimicrobial agents that treat microorganism infections are a unit such as medicine therapy, equally for the fungal, microorganism and protozoan infections are such as antifungal, antiviral and antiprotozoal therapy.
- Track 8-1MAO of different groups of antibiotics
- Track 8-2Uses of antimicrobial agents
- Track 8-3Combinatorial therapy
- Track 8-4Efficacy of antibiotics
Antimicrobial resistance occurs when microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites) transform when they are exposed to antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarial, and anthelmintic). Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is, once a microbe evolves to become additional or immune to antimicrobials that antecedent may treat it. Microorganisms that develop antimicrobial resistance are sometimes referred to as “superbugs”. Resistance can appear spontaneously because of random mutations; or additional usually following gradual build up over time, and since of misuse of antibiotics or antimicrobials. Resistant microbes are progressively tough to treat, requiring alternative medications or higher doses—which could also be more expensive or more toxic. Microbes resistant to multiple antimicrobials are known as multidrug resistant (MDR); or generally superbugs. Antimicrobial resistance is on the increase with various deaths each year. A few infections are now completely untreatable due to resistance.
- Track 9-1Genetic Mutation
- Track 9-2Multidrug Resistance
- Track 9-3Antimicrobial Resistance
- Track 9-4Antifungal Resistance
Microbial biochemistry covers the principles and importance of microbes, their growth and their effects on our surroundings at large and on human health specifically. Microbial biochemistry allowed the formulation of concepts that turned out to be significant in the study of higher organisms. The outline of various layers that enclose the bacterial protoplasm, and their role in getting nutrients from the surface media through totally different permeability mechanism are represented. Fundamentals of the mechanisms are how cells get the energy necessary for their growth, mechanisms like, glycolysis, the pentose phosphate pathway, etc.
- Track 10-1Bacterial growth
- Track 10-2Allosteric enzyme
- Track 10-3The ribosomes
- Track 10-4The biological fixation of nitrogen
- Track 10-5Biosynthesis of amino acids
- Track 10-6Biosynthesis of Deoxyribonucleotides
- Track 10-7ATP generating processes
Health science contains of applied sciences, biomedicine, and encompasses a variety of sub-disciplines, all of which relate to the application of science to health. Both traditional, Western and alternative medicine can be considered health sciences as humans have always needed to deal with illness, it could be said that health science has existed for as long as humans have. Diagnostics methods like aboriginal physical examination, past anamnesis and current medical imaging cover the rudiments of 1st diagnosis of the illness that follow expedited laboratory identification of patient for any serological infectious agents. The field includes the study of medicine and nutrition and other health-related issues and the affect they may have on both humans and animals.
- Track 11-1Allergic disease
- Track 11-2General health
- Track 11-3Immunology
- Track 11-4Alternative medicine
Host pathogen interaction takes place between a pathogen and a host. Microbial pathogens, particularly those that have sustained a long-standing association with their hosts, have evolved extremely complex adaptations to secure their own replication and survival. Pathogens include bacteria, fungi and viruses. Each of these several types of organisms can then be further classified as a pathogen based on its mode of transmission. This includes the following: food borne, airborne, waterborne, blood borne, and vector-borne. Many pathogenic bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium botulinum are food borne pathogens that secrete toxins into the host to cause symptoms. HIV and Hepatitis B are viral infections caused by blood borne pathogens, and Aspergillus is the most common pathogenic fungi that secretes aflatoxin which acts as a carcinogen and contaminates many foods, especially those grown underground (nuts, potatoes, etc.). Microbes may be both hosts or pathogens and the studies of microorganism pathogenesis results in the identification of molecular variations between a pathogenic and a non-pathogenic microorganism.
- Track 12-1Host pathogen protein interactions
- Track 12-2Resistance in wild host pathogen interaction
- Track 12-3Cell scale host pathogen modelling
- Track 12-4Epigenetics of Host Pathogen interaction
- Track 12-5Joint effects of Host and Pathogen Dispersal
- Track 12-6General Aspects on Bacterial Protein Toxin
Medical microbiology is the study of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. Medical micro-biology also includes numerous applications of microbes for the improvement of health and hindrance of epidemics or natural event of diseases and illness. Four major types of microorganisms inflicting infectious disease are bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses and also including an infectious protein called a prion. Elaborated identification techniques typically used in laboratories are microbial culture, microscopy, biochemical tests and polymerase chain reaction.
- Track 13-1Infectious diseases
- Track 13-2Treatment and prevention
- Track 13-3Microbial diagnosis
- Track 13-4Molecular applications