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7th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology, will be organized around the theme “Advances in Infectious Diseases and future trends in Clinical Microbiology”
Annual Clinical Microbiology 2017 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Annual Clinical Microbiology 2017
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Immunology of infections means the battle between pathogens and the host immune defences. Immunology is the branch of science concerned with the various aspects related to immune system, innate and acquired immunity. Immunology also deals with laboratory techniques involving the interaction of antigens with specific antibodies.
- Track 1-1Host immune response
- Track 1-2Vaccine development
- Track 1-3Innate immune evasion
- Track 1-4Immuno epidemiology
- Track 1-5Immune system regulatory control
- Track 1-6Innate recognition
- Track 1-7Membrane dynamics
- Track 1-8Pathogens and the immune system: spread, persistence and transmission
- Track 1-9Response of macrophages, dendritic cells to bacterial and mycobacterial infection
Plant pathology is the study of diseases in plants caused by pathogens and environmental conditions. Organisms that cause infectious diseases include fungi, oomycetes, bacteria, viruses, viroids, virus like organisms, phytoplasmas, protozoa, nematodes and parasitic plants. Plant pathology also involves the study of pathogen identification, disease etiology, disease cycles, economic impact, plant disease epidemiology, plant disease resistance, how plant diseases affect humans and animals, pathosystem genetics and management of plant diseases.
- Track 2-1Phytopathology
- Track 2-2Pathogen survival and dispersal of plant parasites
- Track 2-3Epidemiology
- Track 2-4Biological control agents
- Track 2-5Modelling of infectious diseases in plants
Bacterial and fungal infections can form a range of physical associations that depend on various modes of molecular communication for their development and functioning. The combination of physical associations and molecular interactions between fungi and other microbes can result in a variety of different outcomes for each partner. In turn, these changes may affect the influence of the fungal-microbe complex. Applications are found in various biological fields i.e. Food processing, fermentation and brewing, cheese ripening, bioremediation of pollutants, natural product discovery and synthetic biology.
Clinical Virology is also termed as Medical Virology. It is a branch of medicine (more particularly of clinical pathology) which consists in isolating and/or in characterising one or several viruses responsible for some human pathologies by various direct or indirect techniques (cellular Cultures, serologies, biochemistry, molecular biology). It also consists in proving the absence of resistance of viruses in treatment antiviral by viral genome sequencing to adapt antiviral therapeutics at best.
A biofilm is any cluster of microorganisms among that cells persist with one another and sometimes these cells adhere to a surface. These adherent cells unit oft embedded among a self-generated matrix of extracellular compound substance (EPS). Biofilm extracellular compound substance, that's additionally same as slime (although not everything delineated as slime is also a biofilm), is also a polymericconglomeration sometimes composed of animate thing polymer, proteins, and polysaccharides.
- Track 5-1Extracellular Polymeric Substances
- Track 5-2Taxonomic diversity
- Track 5-3Biofilms and infectious diseases
- Track 5-4Biofilms in medicine
- Track 5-5Biofilms in the food industry
The system is also a convoluted system of collaboration of cells to discriminate antigens, thereby protecting the organisms from infections of assorted classes. Vaccination is taken into account to be one in every of the economical processes in bar of numberless diseases; immunity that's provided because of vaccination is agile for wipeout of the various infections and diseases whereas weakening the results of the many various diseases particularly within the developing countries. There are those vaccines, that ar administered entirely when the patient has contracted a illness. The intent of such immunizations is to trigger a speedy reaction with weakened side-effects and hurt as that of the natural infection.
- Track 6-1Immune response
- Track 6-2Vaccines mediate protection
- Track 6-3Main effectors of vaccine responses
- Track 6-4Adapative immunity activation
- Track 6-5Vaccine antibody responses
The infective mechanisms of a illness (or condition) square measure set in motion by underlying etiological causes, that if controlled would enable the illness to be prevented. Often, a possible etiology is known by medicine observations before a pathological link may be drawn between the cause and so the unwellness. The pathological perspective is also directly integrated into associate degree drugs approach within the knowledge base field of molecular pathological medicine. Molecular pathological drugs will facilitate to assess pathologic process and relation by suggests that of linking a possible etiologic issue to molecular pathologic signatures of a illness. Thus, the molecular pathological epidemiologyparadigm will advance the realm of causative reasoning.
- Track 7-1Pathogenesis
- Track 7-2Virulence factors
- Track 7-3Host susceptibility or resistance
- Track 7-4Immune mechanisms
- Track 7-5Identification, cloning and sequencing
- Track 7-6Genetic studies
- Track 7-7Viruses, prokaryotic organisms and protozoa
- Track 7-8Microbiota
Hospital-acquired infection (HAI) — additionally known as nosocomial infection — is associate infection that is narrowed from the setting or staff of a building. it's unfold within the hospital setting, home setting, rehabilitation facility, clinic, or alternative clinical settings. Infection is unfold to the vulnerable patient within the clinical setting by form of suggests that. Health care workers can unfold infection, in addition to contaminated instrumentality, bed linens, or air droplets. The infection can originate from the skin setting, another infected patient, staff that will be infected, or in some cases, the supply of the infection can't be determined. In some cases the being originates from the patient's own skin microbiota, becoming opportunist once surgery or different procedures that compromise the protecting skin barrier. though the patient might have narrowed the infection from their own skin, the infection remains thought of medical building since it develops within the health care setting.
- Track 8-1Nosocomial MRSA Infection
- Track 8-2Retrospective analysis of nosocomial infection
- Track 8-3Nosocomial sepsis
- Track 8-4Nosocomial infection in pediatric
- Track 8-5Nosocomial respiratory syncytial virus infection
- Track 8-6Nosocomial infections and immunity
- Track 8-7Klebsiella pneumonia infection
- Track 8-8Hospital acquired UTI infection
Infection control and Hospital epidemiology are pertinent to the general public health practice. Anti-infective agents, like antibiotics are promptly accessible to rout infections. Infection management contains elements relevant to the transmission of infections; either within the hospitals or alternative aid centres, as well as hindrance via hand hygiene, cleansing or disinfection or sanitization, vaccines or surveillance and probe of infections in a health-care domain. Sterilization kills all microorganisms. Sterilizers ar categorised in heat, steam and liquid. disinfection is wiping / killing of the live micro-organisms at room temperatures. ultraviolet illumination (UV Light) is also used to sterilize the rooms of infected/ pre-disposed patients once discharge. The essential issue is that disinfection is less effective than sterilization because disinfection doesn't harm microorganism spores or dominant bacteria. The nascent hazards in any given aid comprises of blood, saliva, alternative body fluids or aerosols that carry infectious agents.
- Track 9-1Healthcare Epidemiology
- Track 9-2Prevention of Healthcare-Associated Infections
- Track 9-3Hospital Support Services
- Track 9-4Disinfection and Sterilization
- Track 9-5Infection Control Programs
- Track 9-6Bioterrorism
The basic lexicon of infectious diseases includes the terms exposure, infection, organisation, and malady, that square measure accustomed describe the clinical states inside that the presence of a organism in a terribly host is suspected or discovered. Therefore, the lexicon is used to articulate associate silent association between a bunch and a microorganism. However, since it's typically tough to use the accessible clinical and diagnostic tools to discriminate the varied ways in which inside which microbes can exist in a terribly host, the lexicon is usually employed in associate ambiguous and general manner. Another issue r to general use of the lexicon is that microorganism factors unit of measurement usually management in command of malady pathological process. This relegates the that the host plays in microbial pathologic process to associate exception, that leads to the need for qualification and modification of the language of infectious diseases. Recently, we tend to projected the "damage-response framework" to include the contributions of each the host and also the organism in microorganism pathological process in a very synthesis whereby host hurt was used as a result of the common divisor to explain the end results of the host-microbe relation. throughout this article, we tend to Illustrate but the applying of the damage-response framework to clinical infectious diseases can clarify and make any precise the language accustomed convey the end results of microbial infection in clinical observe.
- Track 10-1Parasitic Infections
- Track 10-2Fungal Infections
- Track 10-3Viral Infections
- Track 10-4Bacterial diseases
Identification of a specific agent for a particular infection or a health problem is finished in clinical presentation. Diagnostic biological science laboratory plays a vital role in diagnosing with uninflected of microbiological culture being the primitive approach for isolation of the conducive organism within the laboratory that's that then closely followed by the organic chemistry tests then advanced medical science assays and therefore the ultimate step is the enzyme reactions.
- Track 11-1Microbial diagnosis
- Track 11-2Serological diagnosis
- Track 11-3Advanced methods
- Track 11-4PCR applications
Antimicrobial chemotherapy implements the clinical use of antimicrobial agents in treating infectious disease. The positive conclusion of this antimicrobial medical aid depends on many factors like site of infection, host defence mechanisms and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic activity of the antibacterial drug agent. A bactericidal activity depends on the microorganism growth and microorganism division. because the activity of medicine agent depends on its concentration, in vitro characterization of medicine activity generally involves the MIC - minimum repressing concentration and MBC that is that the minimum disinfectant concentration of medicine agent. Antimicrobial agents that treat microorganism infections area unit such as medicine therapy, equally for fungal, microorganism and protozoan infections area unit they're such as antifungal, antiviral and antiprotozoal therapy.
- Track 12-1MAO of different groups of antibiotics
- Track 12-2 Uses of antimicrobial agents
- Track 12-3Combinatorial therapy
- Track 12-4Efficacy of antibiotics
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is once a microbe evolves to become additional or absolutely immune to antimicrobials that antecedently may treat it.This broader term also covers antibiotic resistance, that applies to microorganism andantibiotics. Resistance arises through one of 3 ways: natural resistance in bound types of bacteria; genetic mutation; or by one species deed resistance from another. Resistance can appear spontaneously because of random mutations; or additional usually following gradual buildup over time, and since of misuse of antibiotics or antimicrobials. Resistant microbes are progressively tough to treat, requiring alternative medications or higher doses—which could also be more expensive ormore toxic. Microbes resistant to multiple antimicrobials are known as multidrug resistant (MDR); or generally superbugs. Antimicrobial resistance is on the increase with various deaths every year. A few infections are now utterly untreatable due to resistance. All categories of microbes develop resistance.
- Track 13-1 Genetic Mutation
- Track 13-2Multidrug Resistance
- Track 13-3Antimicrobial Resistance
- Track 13-4Antifungal Resistance
Microbial biochemistry covers the principles and importance of microbes, their growth yet as their effects on our surroundings at large and human health specially. the outline of various layers that enclose the bacterial protoplasm, and their role in getting nutrients from the surface media through totally different permeability mechanism are represented. Fundamentals of the mechanisms by which cells get the energy necessary for their growth, glycolysis, the pentose phosphate pathway, etc. have been given in enough details. data related to epidemiology, bacteriology, sterilization and fermentation technology has also been incorporated for those readers World Health Organization have an interest to gain additional knowledge in there areas.
- Track 14-1Bacterial growth
- Track 14-2Allosteric enzyme
- Track 14-3The ribosomes
- Track 14-4The biological fixation of nitrogen
- Track 14-5Biosynthesis of amiono acids
- Track 14-6 Biosynthesis of Deoxyribonucleotides
- Track 14-7ATP generating processes
Health science contains of applied sciences, biomedicine, healthcare. diagnostics methods like aboriginal physical examination, past anamnesis and current medical imaging cover the rudiments of 1st diagnosis of the illness that follow expedited laboratory identification of patient for any serological infectious agents.
- Track 15-1Allergic disease
- Track 15-2General health
- Track 15-3Immunology
- Track 15-4Alternative medicine
Host pathogen interaction takes place between a pathogen and a host. Microbes may be both hosts and pathogens and also the studies of microorganism pathogenesis results in the identification of molecular variations between a pathogenic and a non-pathogenic microorganism. Virulence depends on host factors, like pathogenicity of an a-virulent microbe in immune-compromised host and also the missing of the pathogenicity of virulent
pathogens in immune hosts. The measure of virulence is that the ability of a microbe to cause disease in any animal, centralized to the Koch’s postulates.
- Track 16-1Host pathogen protein interactions
- Track 16-2Resistance in wild host pathogen interaction
- Track 16-3Cell scale host pathogen modelling
- Track 16-4Epigenetics of Host Pathogen interaction
- Track 16-5Joint effects of Host and Pathogen Dispersal
- Track 16-6General Aspects on Bacterial Protein Toxin
Medical microbiology is that the study of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. Medical microbiology studies numerous applications of microbes for the betterment of health and hindrance of epidemics and natural event of diseases. Four types of microorganisms inflicting infectious disease are bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses and infectious protein called a prion. elaborated identification techniques typically used in laboratories are microbial culture, microscopy, biochemical tests and genotyping. Medical microbiologists create treatment recommendations to the doctor based on the report of strain of microbe and antibiotic resistances, the location of infection, the potential toxicity of antimicrobial medicine and any drug allergies of the patient.
- Track 17-1Infectious diseases
- Track 17-2Treatment and prevention
- Track 17-3Microbial diagnosis
- Track 17-4Molecular applications