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9th Annual Congress on Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, will be organized around the theme “Prevention Techniques towards Infectious Diseases”

Clinical Microbiology and Infections 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Clinical Microbiology and Infections 2019

Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.

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Clinical Microbiology is a branch of medical science, which is mainly deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of infectious diseases. Moreover, this field of science is concerned about various clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health. Its laboratory plays a key role in patient care by providing the cause of infection and antimicrobial susceptibility data to physicians. Rapid diagnosis of pathogens is important for initiating effective antibiotic administration and improving the level of treatment. It has various testing methods used to identify and isolate the microbes.

 

  • Track 1-1Clinical Trials
  • Track 1-2Examination of microbial characteristics
  • Track 1-3Scope of clinical microbiology in hospitals
  • Track 1-4Factors influencing immune response to vaccination
  • Track 1-5Careers in Clinical Microbiology

Infectious diseases mainly caused by microorganisms like bacteria, virus or fungi. These are enters in to the body and alter the functions of various systems, abnormal functioning leads to illness and in severe cases it will cause death also. To avoid this situations prevention is the best method. Some of the basic preventive methods are as follows.

  • Personal hygiene is the primary way to prevent infectious diseases.
  • Maintenance of surroundings neat and clean.
  • In-take of healthy and good food.
  • Use antibiotics in the prescribed limits.

 

  • Track 2-1Immunization
  • Track 2-2Vaccination
  • Track 2-3Formulation methods of vaccines
  • Track 2-4Importance of antibiotics

In clinical microbiology laboratories, before the invention of technological advances traditional methods like culture, phenotypic, and biochemical tests were used to recognize the presence of microorganisms in clinical specimens. Identification tests like nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) and analyte-specific reagents (ASRs) considered as more difficult, majorly these tests requires fully skilled persons. To avoid these problems new techniques like next-generation sequencing (NGS), Digital PCR were developed. Along with these techniques Matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation time of Mass spectroscopy (MALDI of MS) was invented which is useful for rapid and accurate identification of these cultured microorganisms.

  • Track 3-1Matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation time of MS(MALDI of MS)
  • Track 3-2Advantages of Recent Methods over Previous Methods
  • Track 3-3Importance of Clinical Microbiology Laboratory in Diagnosis of a Disease
  • Track 3-4Next Generation Sequencing(NGS)

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) can be denoted as the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication which was successfully treat that microbe once. The term antibiotic resistance (ABR) is a part of AMR, as it is applies only to bacteria. These bacteria becoming impervious to antibiotics. Impervious microbes are more difficult to treat and require alternative medications or higher doses of antimicrobials. This towards may be more expensive or more toxic or both. If microbes resistant to multiple antimicrobials, those are called as multi drug resistant (MDR). Along with bacteria, fungi develop antifungal resistance (AFR), viruses develop antiviral resistance (AVR), protozoa develop antiprotozoal resistance (APR). Major preventive method to avoid the antimicrobial resistance is using of antimicrobials when needed there by decreasing unnecessary usage of antimicrobials.

  • Track 4-1Toxicity of antibiotics
  • Track 4-2Pharmacodynamics of antimicrobial drugs
  • Track 4-3Adverse effects of antifungal drugs
  • Track 4-4Manufacturing processes of antimicrobial drugs

It is a combined genetic material of the microorganisms, which is living in and on all the vertebrates. The human microbiome has approximately 100 trillion microbes, which live in our gut.   The host genome is relatively constant; on the other side the microbiome is vigorous and changes with rapid development. This changes mostly occurs in infancy and early childhood. The relationship between changes in microbiome composition and disease pathological process is undetermined. The main challenge is to recognize whether microbial imbalance is related to disease and to able to distinguish between cause and effect.

  • Track 5-1Pathology of Microbial Infections
  • Track 5-2Types of Hosts
  • Track 5-3Infant diseases
  • Track 5-4Genetic Information of various types of microbes

Proteomics referred as large scale experimental analysis of proteins. The term proteome is the combination of protein and genome. It is a set of proteins. Proteomics is used to investigate

  • When and where proteins are expressed.
  • Rates of protein production, degradation, and steady-state abundance.
  • Proteins modification.
  • The movement of proteins between subcellular compartments.
  • The involvement of proteins in metabolic pathways.
  • Interaction between proteins with one another.

 

 

 

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  • Track 6-1Importance of proteomics in microbiology
  • Track 6-2Proteomic analysis of biological systems
  • Track 6-3Bioinformatics of proteins

Urinary tract infection is an infection which occurs in any part of the urinary system i.e. kidneys, uterus, bladder and urethra. Compared to men, women mostly exposed to this urinary tract infections.         

Symptoms:

  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Amount of urine is smaller than normal volume
  • Colour change of urine, mostly red, bright pink: Indicates the presence of blood in urine.
  • Pelvic pain

 Causes:

  • When bacteria enter in to the urinary tract, they began to multiply in the bladder and develop infections in urinary tract.

              Prevention:

  • Intake of liquid amount should be high, it can help to decrease the concentration of urine and frequent urination will eliminate the bacteria from the urinary tract.
  • Track 7-1Nephrology
  • Track 7-2Dialysis
  • Track 7-3Aging changes in kidney
  • Track 7-4Renal failure
  • Track 7-5Tests used for recognize healthy kidney

Medicinal plants have been used in the treatment of infectious diseases from the ancient days. Plant extracts like flavonoids, essential oils, alkaloids and diterpenes possesses therapeutically active against microbes. Plants like Embilica officinalis, Terminalia chebula and Holarrhena antidysentria were found to be potentially active against many microbes. Along with these plants volatile oils of black pepper, clove, eucalyptus and nutmeg shows potent inhibitory effect against plenty of microorganisms. Adverse effects were minimized is the main advantage by using this medicinal plants.

  • Track 8-1Extraction of alkaloids, volatile oils and glycosides
  • Track 8-2Advantages of using medicinal plants in the treatment
  • Track 8-3Prepared antimicrobial drugs from plants

Genomics is the versatile field of biology, deals with the study of whole genomes of living organisms, and incorporates elements from genetics. A genome is a complete set of DNA of a living organism. Genomics involves the sequencing and analysis of genomes by using recombinant DNA, DNA sequencing and bio informatics to construct and analyse the structure as well as the function of whole genomes. Experts in genomics make an effort to determine complete DNA sequences and perform genetic mapping to help understand disease.

  • Track 9-1Gene mapping
  • Track 9-2Role of genomics in research areas
  • Track 9-3Gene expression
  • Track 9-4Protein coding in RNA
  • Track 9-5Applications of bioinformatics

Hepatitis is commonly caused by viral infection. Main symptom observed is inflammation of liver; there by alter the functions of it. Based upon the causative organisms hepatitis is classified in to 5 different types, those are hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Each type of hepatitis infection is affected by different microorganisms.

  Common symptoms of hepatitis:

                       For chronic diseases like hepatitis B & C no earlier symptoms were observed. Symptoms for acute hepatitis appear quickly. Those are as follows

  Preventive methods:

  • Maintenance of personnel hygiene
  • Proper vaccination
  • Track 10-1Diagnostic methods used for Liver Infections
  • Track 10-2Chronic Liver Infections
  • Track 10-3Symptoms of Liver Cirrhosis
  • Track 10-4Non-alcoholic fatty Liver Diseases
  • Track 10-5Liver Transplantation

Mycology is the branch of biology, which mainly deals with the study of fungi including their genetic and biochemical properties, along with these their taxonomy and their use to humans as a source for food and medicine. A person specializing in mycology is called as mycologist. Apart from pathogenic fungi, many fungal species plays a vital role in controlling the plant diseases caused by different pathogens. Now a days mycology became an important science in agricultural industry. Fungi produce negative effect for many crops, but these will helps the plant to get nutrients and water from the soil. Some kinds of fungi are used as pesticides which can kill harmful insects. The field of mycology is develops continuously and became an interested field for researchers.

  • Track 11-1Fermentation
  • Track 11-2Role of Fungi in Agriculture field
  • Track 11-3List of medicines prepared from Fungi
  • Track 11-4Mycology use in Food industry

Microbial physiology is defined as the detailed study of the microbial growth, microbial metabolism and microbial cell structure. It is predominant in the field of metabolic engineering and also functional genomics. It will describe about the aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms which play a key role in environmental biotechnological processes like production of chemicals, recovery of metals and soil rectifying.

  • Track 12-1Bacterial physiology
  • Track 12-2Metabolic engineering
  • Track 12-3Isolation, characterization and application of novel anaerobes

Lung infections are most common medical conditions, mainly caused by the microbial infections and genetic reasons. Major lung infections are acute bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, pneumonia and tuberculosis. Infection occurs when bacteria, viruses and fungi reaches in a person’s air sacs and begin to grow. Then the air sac become filled with pus and fluid, which make breathing more difficult and causes different infections. Main symptoms are fever, increased breathing rate, cough and rarely chest pain.

 

  • Track 13-1Pathophysiology of Tuberculosis
  • Track 13-2Genetic disorders of Lungs
  • Track 13-3Asthma
  • Track 13-4Recent methods used for identification of Lung Diseases
  • Track 13-5Lung Cancer

Epidemiology is the study and analysis of transmission and control of the disease. It is the fundament of the public health by recognizing risk factors for disease and provides healthcare. Epidemiology is useful to develop approaches used in clinical research and basic research in biological sciences

  • Track 14-1Modes of Transmission of Infectious Diseases
  • Track 14-2Scope of Epidemiology in Clinical Research
  • Track 14-3Preventive Measures for Bacterial Infections
  • Track 14-4Ideal Technologies of Epidemiology

Bacteria are single celled microorganisms which lack nuclear membrane. These are metabolically active in nature and cause plenty of diseases to living organisms. The detailed study of these bacteria is called as bacteriology. It is also deals with the studies of morphology, genetics and biochemistry of bacteria. Initial advantage of bacteriology is helpful in the identification and characterization of bacteria which is associated with the infectious diseases. Major advantages of this bacteriology are useful in the development of the vaccines and antibiotics.

 

  • Track 15-1Metabolism of Bacteria
  • Track 15-2Characteristics of Bacteria
  • Track 15-3Bacterial Infections
  • Track 15-4Importance in Clinical Research
  • Track 15-5Applications in Food Industry

Sexually transmitted diseases are most commonly transmitted by sexual intercourse. HIV, syphilis, gonorrhoea, and some types of hepatitis are major STDs.

  • STDs like gonorrhoea and syphilis were caused by bacteria.
  • STDs like HIV, hepatitis B were caused by viruses, trichomoniasisis caused by parasites.

  Causes:

               Causative organisms of STDs lie in semen, blood, vaginal secretions and sometimes in saliva. These are transmitted through vaginal, anal or oral sex. In some cases these may spread through skin contact or sharing of toothbrushes and needles.

Prevention:

                STDs are chronic diseases proper treatment for these diseases is not available. Prevention is better than treatment for this STDs.

  • Track 16-1HIV Infections
  • Track 16-2Aetiology of STDs
  • Track 16-3Clinical studies of STDs
  • Track 16-4Inventions in the treatment of STDs

Diagnosis of a disease is very important to proceed further steps in the treatment. If proper diagnosis is not possible in that case treatment becomes very difficult to physician. Diagnosis can be done by various methods. Those are as follows,

  • Track 17-1Principles of diagnostic laboratories
  • Track 17-2Modern Technologies used in diagnosis
  • Track 17-3Importance in treatment
  • Track 17-4Disadvantages over radiation used in diagnosis

Most common methods used to treat infectious diseases are use of antibiotics and proper vaccination. Now a days research was carried out by many researchers and physicians to invent new diagnostic processes and powerful vaccines to ensure quality of life to the patients.  Researches were mainly analogous to diagnostic products, pharmacodynamics, epidemiology and patient care management. These researches were not limited to viral, bacterial and fungal infections, also associated with the parasitological diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, vaccinations, chronic infections and drug’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics studies.

  • Track 18-1Immunization
  • Track 18-2Role of Pharma Industries in Development of Medications
  • Track 18-3Pharmacology of Newly Discovered Drugs

Pathogens or infectious agents develop gradually by using this bipartite mechanism. In this metabolism host supplies their nutrients to pathogens there by the acidity of pathogens is increased gradually. The host acts as a nutrient medium or slot for pathogens, because of this nature of host lifespan of the host cell will be reduced. Many intracellular pathogens like Legionella pneumophila, Coxiella burnetii and Listeria monocytogenes have developed bipartite metabolism in their hosts. This metabolism enables catabolism and anabolism of nutrient agents which has the capability of infective agent recognition. Strategies of pathogen manipulation of host nutrients could serve as therapeutic targets.

  • Track 19-1Intracellular Pathogens
  • Track 19-2Metabolism of Pathogenic Microorganisms
  • Track 19-3Nutrient Medium for Pathogens
  • Track 19-4Therapeutic targets

Microbial genetics is the detailed study of genetic information of microorganisms i.e. bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa. It is a branch of microbiology and genetic engineering, which is used to collect complete information about the particular microorganisms. Microbial genetics deals with gene expression and genotypes. Genotype is the genetic constitution of an individual organism, majorly used in recombinant DNA technology. Genetic engineering is direct modification or manipulation of genes by using biotechnology.

              Applications:

  • Used to develop recombinant DNA technology.
  • Making of biofactories for the gene of interest.
  • To produce medications like insulin, human growth hormone and blood clotting factors.  
  • Track 20-1Microbiology
  • Track 20-2Biotechnology
  • Track 20-3RNA Transcription
  • Track 20-4DNA Replication
  • Track 20-5Genetic Manipulation

The role of a physician while giving the treatment, first step is to study patient’s medical history including all the test reports and X-rays, and then he gets an idea about the symptoms and condition of patient’s health. Laboratory studies and reports are useful which have the blood studies and samples of wounds or body fluids. These studies will definitely help out the physician to give acceptable treatment to patients

  • Track 21-1Diagnosis of Disease
  • Track 21-2Global Healthcare
  • Track 21-3Microbial Pathogenesis
  • Track 21-4Awareness about Infectious Diseases
  • Track 21-5Uses of Technology in Treatment