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10th World Congress on Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases , will be organized around the theme “”

Clinical Microbiology-2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Clinical Microbiology-2020

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Clinical Microbiology is a branch of medical science which mainly deals with the prevention, diagnosis, epidemiology and treatment of infectious diseases. It is concerned about different clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health. Clinical Microbiology plays a key role in patient care by providing the cause of infection and antimicrobial susceptibility data to physicians. Rapid diagnosis of pathogens is mandatory for the successful administration of antibiotics and to increase treatment rates. It has various methods of analysis used to identify and isolate the microbes

A vaccine is a substance that is introduced into the body to stimulate the immune response. It is given to prevent an infectious disease for developing the person becoming ill. It is made up of using several different processes. It made from microbes that are dead so they are unable to cause disease. Merely segments of the pathogen (this includes both sub unit and conjugate vaccines). If the vaccinated person then comes into contact with the disease-causing microbe, the immune system remembers the antibodies it made to the vaccine and can make them earlier .The person is claimed to be resistant to the pathogen

 

Infectious diseases can be caused by many pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites which will cause illness and disease. For humans, transmission of pathogens may occur in a variety of ways. Spread from person-to-person by direct contact, water or food-borne illness of infected particles in the environment and through insects (mosquitoes) and ticks. Mild infections to take rest and home remedies, while some life-threatening infections may have hospitalization.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Food Microbiology is the flora and sources of microorganisms in food. Methods of detection and enumeration of microorganisms in foods. Intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of food that effects of microbial growth and survival. Roles of microorganisms in spoilage, food borne diseases and in food products. It preservatives the quality control and microbiological standards. It is the source of food to man are of the plant and animal origin. Food safety may be a major focus of food microbiolog

 Clinical bacteriology is the study of bacteria and their relation to medicine and to other areas such as agriculture and industry. These are the single-celled microorganisms which can live as independent organisms or dependently like a parasite. Clinical microbiologists use microscope to look at smears of original samples to get early information.Clinical virology is that the study of viruses and virus-like agents, including their classification, disease-producing properties and genetics. It is often considered a neighborhood of microbiology or pathology. Viruses have conventionally been viewed in a negative milieu responsible for diseases; however viruses also have certain beneficial properties that can be exploited for useful purposes such as role of virus in gene therapy.

 

 

Biofilms are the aggregation of microbial cells, which are associated with the plaque, pond scum, or the slimy build up in sink. This formation involves sequence of steps like conditioning, attachment, metabolism, and detachment. It consists of water channels, EPS (Exopolysaccharide), and EDNA (Environmental DNA), which plays an important role in nutrient circulation, its development, and structure stabilization. Resistance of planktonic bacteria against antimicrobial agents gets increased  the formation of biofilm, which may be the presence of diffusive barrier EPS or neutralizing enzyme, cells undergoing starvation, or due to spore formation. There are numerous factors, which affects biofilm formation such as substratum effects, conditioning film on substratum, hydrodynamics, characteristics of the aqueous medium, cell characteristics, and environmental factors. It can cause industrial, medical, and household damage and is a reason for loss of billions of dollars every year. Development of biofilm on catheters, medical implants. A major cause of infections and surface in almost an irreversible manner. It exists in variety of forms like dental diseases in humans. Examples include Plaque, Native Valve Endocarditis, Otitis media, Prostatitis, Cystic fibrosis, Periodontitis, Osteomyelitis, etc.,Biofilms are the aggregation of microbial cells, which are associated with the plaque, pond scum, or the slimy build up in sink. This formation involves sequence of steps like conditioning, attachment, metabolism, and detachment. It consists of water channels, EPS (Exopolysaccharide), and EDNA (Environmental DNA), which plays an important role in nutrient circulation, its development, and structure stabilization. Resistance of planktonic bacteria against antimicrobial agents gets increased on the formation of biofilm, which may be the presence of diffusive barrier EPS or neutralizing enzyme, cells undergoing starvation, or due to spore formation. There are numerous factors, which affects biofilm formation such as substratum effects, conditioning film on substratum, hydrodynamics, characteristics of the aqueous medium, cell characteristics, and environmental factors. It can cause industrial, medical, and household damage and is a reason for loss of billions of dollars every year. Development of biofilm on catheters, medical implants. A major cause of infections and surface in almost an irreversible manner. It exists in variety of forms like dental diseases in humans. Examples include Plaque, Native Valve Endocarditis, Otitis media, Prostatitis, Cystic fibrosis, Periodontitis, Osteomyelitis, etc.,

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Veterinary microbiologists learn to recognize external signs of infection or animal behaviors that point to an infection. It also learns the internal and population-wide progression patterns of infectious agents, as well as measures of control and prevention.  It is the branch of study mainly focused on microbes that are causing diseases to animals. Veterinary pathology helps in the diagnosis of diseases caused to animals such as dogs, cows, etc. veterinary medicine is widely practiced by pathologist for the well-being of animals.

 

The term “cellular microbiology” was identifying an emerging discipline integrating the fields of cell biology and microbiology. The advent of genomics, proteomics, and post genomics has resulted in widespread understanding of the field of cellular microbiology among scientists. It   is the scientific study of the properties of microbial cells. It combines techniques and approaches of classic cell biology and microbiology.

 

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Pharmaceutical Microbiology is an applied branch of Microbiology. It involves the study of microorganisms related to the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. It minimizing the number of microorganisms in a process environment, and ensuring the finished pharmaceutical product is sterile. Other aspects of pharmaceutical microbiology include the research and development of anti-ineffective agents.  With both sterile and non-sterile products, the consequences can range from discoloration to the potential for fatality. The Pharmaceutical Microbiology evolved for pharmaceutical microbiology testing, including antimicrobial effectiveness testing.

 

Antimicrobial agent is a large variety of chemical compounds and physical agents that are used to destroy microrganisms to prevent their development. These medicines are often grouped consistent with the microorganisms they act primarily against. The antibiotics are used against bacteria, and anti fungal  are used against fungi. . Agents that kill microbes are microbiological, while those that merely inhibit their growth are called bio static. While the utilization of antimicrobial medicines to stop infection is understood as antimicrobial prophylaxis.

 

 

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 Immunization is that the process whereby an individual is formed immune to a communicable disease typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate the body’s own system to guard the person against subsequent infection or disease. It may occur naturally when people are exposed to bacteria or viruses or doctors may provide it through vaccination. Types of Immunization:

There are two types of immunization:

  1. Active immunization
  2. Passive immunization

 

Emerging infectious diseases are infections that have recently appeared within a population or those whose incidence or geographic range. These infections account for at least 12% of all human pathogens which will have evolved from a known infection (e.g. influenza) or spread to a new population (e.g. West Nile fever) or to a neighborhood undergoing ecologic transformation (e.g. Lyme disease), They also include infectious diseases that have affected a given area in the past, declined with passage of time or were controlled, but again reappeared in increasing numbers. Sometimes, an old disease reappears during a new clinical form which will often be severe or fatal.

 

 

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Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), like dengue, lymphatic filariasis, trachoma, and leishmaniasis, are called "neglected," because they typically afflict the world's poor and historically haven't received the maximum amount attention as other diseases. NTDs tend to thrive in developing regions of the planet, where water quality, sanitation, and access to health care are substandard. However, a number of these diseases are also found in areas of the us with high rates of poverty. which generally receive greater treatment and research finding. In Sub-Saharan Africa , the effect of those diseases as a gaggle is like malaria and tuberculosis. Co-infection also can make HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis more deadly.

 

 

 

 

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 Mycobacterium may be a genus of Actinobacteria, given its circle of relatives, the Mycobacteriaceae. Over 190 species are recognized in this genus. The most notable mycobacterial infections are those that are caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and Mycobacterium lepra it is a type of germ. There are many different kinds. The most common one causes tuberculosis. Another one causes leprosy. . They aren't "typical" because they don't cause tuberculosis. But they will still harm people, especially people with other problems that affect their immunity, like AIDS.

 

 Every year, lives are lost due to the spread of infections in hospitals. Health care workers can take steps to stop the spread of infectious diseases. These steps are part of infection control. Proper hand washing is that the best thanks to prevent the spread of infections in hospitals. If you're a patient, do not be afraid to remind friends, family and health care providers to scrub their hands before getting on the brink of you. It is grounded in infectious diseases, epidemiology, science and health system strengthening. It occupies a singular position within the sector of patient safety and quality universal health coverage since it's relevant to doctors and patients at every single health-care encounter.

 

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Although not as well-represented in genome sequencing projects as human pathogens,   agriculture. Our understanding of the diversity and mechanisms of virulence in plant pathogens has increased following two recent reports on the sequencing and analysis of Erwinia carotovora subsp. Atroseptica the causative agent of soft rot and blackleg in potatoes, and Leifsonia xyli subsp. which causes Raton stunting disease in sugarcane worldwide