Theme: Prevention Techniques towards Infectious Diseases
Clinical Microbiology and Infections 2019
- Clinical Microbiology and Infections 2019
- Why to attend?
- Sessions and Tracks
- Call for abstracts
- Market analysis
October 16-17, 2019
After the grand success of clinical microbiology and infections 2018 conference, conference series LLC Ltd feeling delightful to declare 9th Annual Congress On Clinical Microbiology and Infectious diseases on 16, 17 October 2019 at Tokyo, Japan, which includes keynote presentations, Oral talks, Poster presentations and Exhibitions.
Clinical Microbiology and Infections 2019 major intension to bring together eminent researchers, scientists and research scholars to share their views about researches on all the relevant characteristics of Clinical Microbiology, Infectious diseases and their prevention techniques. Conference gives a precious platform for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations and trends in the field of Clinical Microbiology and practical challenges occurred in the prevention of Infectious diseases. Two day conference will elicit plenary sessions, Keynote speeches, Poster, and Oral presentations. This program provides two days of vigorous discussions on recent advancements and new strategies for development of new technologies for global requirements.
Conference Series LLC Ltd feeling grateful to invite participants from all over the world. Conference Series LLC Ltd Organises 300 International Conferences Every Year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and Publishes 500+ Open access journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, and reputed scientists as editorial board members and 5 million readers.
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Clinical Microbiology is a branch of medical science, which is mainly deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of infectious diseases. Moreover, this field of science is concerned about various clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health. Its laboratory plays a key role in patient care by providing the cause of infection and antimicrobial susceptibility data to physicians. Rapid diagnosis of pathogens is important for initiating effective antibiotic administration and improving the level of treatment. It has various testing methods used to identify and isolate the microbes.
- Clinical Trials
- Examination of microbial characteristics
- Scope of clinical microbiology in hospitals
- Factors influencing immune response to vaccination
- Careers in Clinical Microbiology
Preventive Techniques for Infectious Diseases
Infectious diseases mainly caused by microorganisms like bacteria, virus or fungi. These are enters in to the body and alter the functions of various systems, abnormal functioning leads to illness and in severe cases it will cause death also. To avoid this situations prevention is the best method. Some of the basic preventive methods are as follows.
- Personal hygiene is the primary way to prevent infectious diseases.
- Maintenance of surroundings neat and clean.
- In-take of healthy and good food.
- Use antibiotics in the prescribed limits.
- Vaccination is very useful to avoid the infectious diseases.
- Formulation methods of vaccines
- Importance of antibiotics
Emerging Technologies in Clinical Microbiology laboratory
In clinical microbiology laboratories, before the invention of technological advances traditional methods like culture, phenotypic, and biochemical tests were used to recognize the presence of microorganisms in clinical specimens. Identification tests like nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) and analyte-specific reagents (ASRs) considered as more difficult, majorly these tests requires fully skilled persons. To avoid these problems new techniques like next-generation sequencing (NGS), Digital PCR were developed. Along with these techniques Matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation time of Mass spectroscopy (MALDI of MS) was invented which is useful for rapid and accurate identification of these cultured microorganisms.
- Next Generation Sequencing(NGS)
- Matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation time of MS(MALDI of MS)
- Advantages of Recent Methods over Previous Methods
- Importance of Clinical Microbiology Laboratory in Diagnosis of a Disease
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) can be denoted as the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication which was successfully treat that microbe once. The term antibiotic resistance (ABR) is a part of AMR, as it is applies only to bacteria. These bacteria becoming impervious to antibiotics. Impervious microbes are more difficult to treat and require alternative medications or higher doses of antimicrobials. This towards may be more expensive or more toxic or both. If microbes resistant to multiple antimicrobials, those are called as multi drug resistant (MDR). Along with bacteria, fungi develop antifungal resistance (AFR), viruses develop antiviral resistance (AVR), protozoa develop antiprotozoal resistance (APR). Major preventive method to avoid the antimicrobial resistance is using of antimicrobials when needed there by decreasing unnecessary usage of antimicrobials.
- Toxicity of antibiotics
- Pharmacodynamics of antimicrobial drugs
- Adverse effects of antifungal drugs
- Manufacturing processes of antimicrobial drugs
It is a combined genetic material of the microorganisms, which is living in and on all the vertebrates. The human microbiome has approximately 100 trillion microbes, which live in our gut. The host genome is relatively constant; on the other side the microbiome is vigorous and changes with rapid development. This changes mostly occurs in infancy and early childhood. The relationship between changes in microbiome composition and disease pathological process is undetermined. The main challenge is to recognize whether microbial imbalance is related to disease and to able to distinguish between cause and effect.
- Pathology of Microbial Infections
- Types of Hosts
- Infant diseases
- Genetic Information of various types of microbes
Proteomics referred as large scale experimental analysis of proteins. The term proteome is the combination of protein and genome. It is a set of proteins. Proteomics is used to investigate,
- When and where proteins are expressed.
- Rates of protein production, degradation, and steady-state abundance.
- Proteins modification.
- The movement of proteins between subcellular compartments.
- The involvement of proteins in metabolic pathways.
- Interaction between proteins with one another.
- Importance of proteomics in microbiology
- Proteomic analysis of biological systems
- Bioinformatics of proteins
Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)
Urinary tract infection is an infection which occurs in any part of the urinary system i.e. kidneys, uterus, bladder and urethra. Compared to men, women mostly exposed to this urinary tract infections.
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Amount of urine is smaller than normal volume
- Colour change of urine, mostly red, bright pink: Indicates the presence of blood in urine.
- Pelvic pain
- When bacteria enter in to the urinary tract, they began to multiply in the bladder and develop infections in urinary tract.
- Intake of liquid amount should be high, it can help to decrease the concentration of urine and frequent urination will eliminate the bacteria from the urinary tract.
- Aging changes in kidney
- Renal failure
- Tests used for recognize healthy kidney
Antimicrobial Properties of Medicinal Plants
Medicinal plants have been used in the treatment of infectious diseases from the ancient days. Plant extracts like flavonoids, essential oils, alkaloids and diterpenes possesses therapeutically active against microbes. Plants like Embilica officinalis, Terminalia chebula and Holarrhena antidysentria were found to be potentially active against many microbes. Along with these plants volatile oils of black pepper, clove, eucalyptus and nutmeg shows potent inhibitory effect against plenty of microorganisms. Adverse effects were minimized is the main advantage by using this medicinal plants.
- Extraction of alkaloids, volatile oils and glycosides
- Advantages of using medicinal plants in the treatment
- Prepared antimicrobial drugs from plants
Genomics is the versatile field of biology, deals with the study of whole genomes of living organisms, and incorporates elements from genetics. A genome is a complete set of DNA of a living organism. Genomics involves the sequencing and analysis of genomes by using recombinant DNA, DNA sequencing and bio informatics to construct and analyse the structure as well as the function of whole genomes. Experts in genomics make an effort to determine complete DNA sequences and perform genetic mapping to help understand disease.
- Gene mapping
- Role of genomics in research areas
- Gene expression
- Protein coding in RNA
- Applications of bioinformatics
Hepatitis is commonly caused by viral infection. Main symptom observed is inflammation of liver; there by alter the functions of it. Based upon the causative organisms hepatitis is classified in to 5 different types, those are hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Each type of hepatitis infection is affected by different microorganisms.
Common symptoms of hepatitis:
For chronic diseases like hepatitis B & C no earlier symptoms were observed. Symptoms for acute hepatitis appear quickly. Those are as follows
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
- Unexpected weight loss
- Maintenance of personnel hygiene
- Proper vaccination
- Diagnostic methods used for Liver Infections
- Chronic Liver Infections
- Symptoms of Liver Cirrhosis
- Non-alcoholic fatty Liver Diseases
- Liver Transplantation
Mycology is the branch of biology, which mainly deals with the study of fungi including their genetic and biochemical properties, along with these their taxonomy and their use to humans as a source for food and medicine. A person specializing in mycology is called as mycologist. Apart from pathogenic fungi, many fungal species plays a vital role in controlling the plant diseases caused by different pathogens. Now a days mycology became an important science in agricultural industry. Fungi produce negative effect for many crops, but these will helps the plant to get nutrients and water from the soil. Some kinds of fungi are used as pesticides which can kill harmful insects. The field of mycology is develops continuously and became an interested field for researchers.
- List of medicines prepared from Fungi
- Role of Fungi in Agriculture field
- Mycology use in Food industry
Microbial physiology is defined as the detailed study of the microbial growth, microbial metabolism and microbial cell structure. It is predominant in the field of metabolic engineering and also functional genomics. It will describe about the aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms which play a key role in environmental biotechnological processes like production of chemicals, recovery of metals and soil rectifying.
- Metabolic engineering
- Bacterial physiology
- Isolation, characterization and application of novel anaerobes.
Lung infections are most common medical conditions, mainly caused by the microbial infections and genetic reasons. Major lung infections are acute bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, pneumonia and tuberculosis. Infection occurs when bacteria, viruses and fungi reaches in a person’s air sacs and begin to grow. Then the air sac become filled with pus and fluid, which make breathing more difficult and causes different infections. Main symptoms are fever, increased breathing rate, cough and rarely chest pain.
- Pathophysiology of Tuberculosis
- Genetic disorders of Lungs
- Lung Cancer
- Recent methods used for identification of Lung Diseases
Epidemiology of Human Infections
Epidemiology is the study and analysis of transmission and control of the disease. It is the fundament of the public health by recognizing risk factors for disease and provides healthcare. Epidemiology is useful to develop approaches used in clinical research and basic research in biological sciences.
- Modes of Transmission of Infectious Diseases
- Scope of Epidemiology in Clinical Research
- Preventive Measures for Bacterial Infections
- Ideal Technologies of Epidemiology
Bacteria are single celled microorganisms which lack nuclear membrane. These are metabolically active in nature and cause plenty of diseases to living organisms. The detailed study of these bacteria is called as bacteriology. It is also deals with the studies of morphology, genetics and biochemistry of bacteria. Initial advantage of bacteriology is helpful in the identification and characterization of bacteria which is associated with the infectious diseases. Major advantages of this bacteriology are useful in the development of the vaccines and antibiotics.
- Metabolism of Bacteria
- Characteristics of Bacteria
- Bacterial Infections
- Importance in Clinical Research
- Applications in Food Industry
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Sexually transmitted diseases are most commonly transmitted by sexual intercourse. HIV, syphilis, gonorrhoea, and some types of hepatitis are major STDs.
- STDs like gonorrhoea and syphilis were caused by bacteria.
- STDs like HIV, hepatitis B were caused by viruses, trichomoniasisis caused by parasites.
Causative organisms of STDs lie in semen, blood, vaginal secretions and sometimes in saliva. These are transmitted through vaginal, anal or oral sex. In some cases these may spread through skin contact or sharing of toothbrushes and needles.
STDs are chronic diseases proper treatment for these diseases is not available. Prevention is better than treatment for this STDs.
- HIV Infections
- Aetiology of STDs
- Clinical studies of STDs
- Inventions in the treatment of STDs
Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
Diagnosis of a disease is very important to proceed further steps in the treatment. If proper diagnosis is not possible in that case treatment becomes very difficult to physician. Diagnosis can be done by various methods. Those are as follows,
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- Stool sample
- Imaging scans
- Principles of diagnostic laboratories
- Modern Technologies used in diagnosis
- Importance in treatment
- Disadvantages over radiation used in diagnosis
Advances in Therapies for Infectious Diseases
Most common methods used to treat infectious diseases are use of antibiotics and proper vaccination. Now a days research was carried out by many researchers and physicians to invent new diagnostic processes and powerful vaccines to ensure quality of life to the patients. Researches were mainly analogous to diagnostic products, pharmacodynamics, epidemiology and patient care management. These researches were not limited to viral, bacterial and fungal infections, also associated with the parasitological diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, vaccinations, chronic infections and drug’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics studies.
- Role of Pharma Industries in Development of Medications
- Pharmacology of Newly Discovered Drug
Nutrition and Bipartite Metabolism of Intracellular Pathogens
Pathogens or infectious agents develop gradually by using this bipartite mechanism. In this metabolism host supplies their nutrients to pathogens there by the acidity of pathogens is increased gradually. The host acts as a nutrient medium or slot for pathogens, because of this nature of host lifespan of the host cell will be reduced. Many intracellular pathogens like Legionella pneumophila, Coxiella burnetii and Listeria monocytogenes have developed bipartite metabolism in their hosts. This metabolism enables catabolism and anabolism of nutrient agents which has the capability of infective agent recognition. Strategies of pathogen manipulation of host nutrients could serve as therapeutic targets.
- Types of Hosts
- Intracellular Pathogens
- Metabolism of Pathogenic Microorganisms
- Nutrient Medium for Pathogens
- Therapeutic targets
Microbial genetics is the detailed study of genetic information of microorganisms i.e. bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa. It is a branch of microbiology and genetic engineering, which is used to collect complete information about the particular microorganisms. Microbial genetics deals with gene expression and genotypes. Genotype is the genetic constitution of an individual organism, majorly used in recombinant DNA technology. Genetic engineering is direct modification or manipulation of genes by using biotechnology.
- Used to develop recombinant DNA technology.
- Making of biofactories for the gene of interest.
- To produce medications like insulin, human growth hormone and blood clotting factors.
- RNA Transcription
- DNA Replication
- Genetic Manipulation
Role of physician in the Treatment of Infectious Diseases
The role of a physician while giving the treatment, first step is to study patient’s medical history including all the test reports and X-rays, and then he gets an idea about the symptoms and condition of patient’s health. Laboratory studies and reports are useful which have the blood studies and samples of wounds or body fluids. These studies will definitely help out the physician to give acceptable treatment to patients.
- Diagnosis of Disease
- Global Healthcare
- Microbial Pathogenesis
- Awareness about Infectious Diseases
- Uses of Technology in Treatmentsss
Clinical Microbiology & Infections 2019 brings you a huge opportunity to become a part of scientific acceleration to world class personalities, young scholars, scientific delegates and young scientists to join in this Conference to utilize the expertise and approaches that brings a new era for revolutions in the field of Clinical Microbiology, which brings well versed researchers at one place. It provides a platform to have open discussions, knowledge sharing and interactive sessions with field experts at Clinical Microbiology 2019. We request you to submit a brief idea or abstract of your talk/presentation/symposium/workshop according to your session interest.
For abstract submission please click here:
Clinical Microbiology is a branch of medical science, which mainly deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of infectious diseases. Moreover, this field of science is concerned about various clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health. The global Clinical Microbiology market is expected to grow over 2014-2025.
Global Clinical Microbiology market
The global clinical microbiology share value was valued at USD 9.1 billion in 2016 and is supposed to develop at a CAGR of 6.7% over the forecast period. Continuously rising incidence of infectious diseases is the main cause for market growth.
Market Share of Clinical Microbiology:
Infectious diseases are majorly diagnosed by using clinical tests. According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2014, approximately 9,421 new cases of tuberculosis, 51,455 new cases of salmonella and 433 new cases of meningococcal diseases were recognized and in 2017 around 1,688,780 new cases of cancer were diagnosed by the American Cancer Society. Because of increased generality of infections clinical tests are used as primary identification tool and are expected to constant market growth in future. Clinical microbiology market size is gradually increased with the time and the values are as follows.
Reagents like solutions, master mixes and tools used in various diagnostic assays are the main causes for the highest market share in the global clinical microbiology. Reagents currently possess the highest market share i.e. more than 60 %. Main reasons for the highest revenue by the reagents are highest price of special kits & continuous purchasing of reagents. The increased market share of clinical microbiology is the proof for development of investments in research and development field. A detail of global clinical microbiology market share in 2016 is shown below.
North America got the highest revenue share in 2016 and was closely followed by Europe. U.S. has mostly developed healthcare and industrial sectors and developing new approaches in clinical microbiology.
Asia Pacific becomes the fastest growing region from 2016 to 2024. Japan is the leading country which is developing new technologies and predominant utilisation of microbial testing. Along with Japan, China is also a leading country in Asia which has a significant role in the development of clinical microbiology. List of global countries which are playing key role in development;
Clinical Microbiology Global Market Report:
Clinical Microbiology is a diversified field which is developing as quickly as possible with the time. Clinical Microbiology market share is USD 9.1 billion in 2016 & it is develop at a CAGR of 6.7 % in a predetermined time. The expected market share of clinical microbiology is approximately USD 16.7billion by 2025. As the numbers describing the development and importance of the diversified field i.e. Clinical Microbiology.
- Clinical Microbiology
- Preventive Techniques for Infectious Diseases
- Emerging Technologies in Clinical Microbiology laboratory
- Antimicrobial Resistance
- Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)
- Antimicrobial Properties of Medicinal Plants
- Hepatitis Infection
- Microbial Physiology
- Lung Infections
- Epidemiology of Human Infections
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
- Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
- Advances in Therapies for Infectious Diseases
- Nutrition and Bipartite Metabolism of Intracellular Pathogens
- Microbial Genetics
- Role of physician in the Treatment of Infectious Diseases
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